Knowledge on Periodontal Diseases and Systemic Health Inter-Relationship among Nursing and Dental Surgery Technician Students in Southwest Nigeria

Authors

  • Elizabeth Abe University of Ibadan
  • Olanrewaju Opeodu College of Medicine, University of Ibadan
  • Modupeola Arowojolu College of Medicine, University of Ibadan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.61172/ndj.v32i2.299

Keywords:

periodontal disease, Systemic health, oral health, Nursing students

Abstract

Background: Periodontal disease is a potential source of systemic inflammation that impacts overall health. Therefore, successful prevention and management of the disease is pivotal in avoiding systemic inflammation with its attending complications. This will involve creating awareness about its causes, early identification of symptoms and effective treatment.

Objective: To assess and compare the level of knowledge about periodontal diseases and its interrelationship with systemic diseases among nursing and dental surgery technician (DST) students.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among DST and nursing students using a structured questionnaire which consisted of questions on bio-data and knowledge on periodontal-systemic diseases. Questions regarding their oral hygiene practices and dental service utilization were also asked. Data was analyzed using SPSS version21.

Result: Respondents consisted of 31(10.8%) males and 257(89.2%) females with their mean age being 21.5± 2.5 years; having more nursing students 173(60.1%) compared to DST students 115(39.9%). Majority of the respondents (79%) had good knowledge on the interrelationship between periodontal disease and systemic health, with a greater level of knowledge significantly noted among the DST students (85.3%) compared with the nursing students (75%) [p= 0.041]. Similarly, the level of knowledge about symptoms of periodontal diseases was high (85%) and significantly more reported by the DST students (98.2%) compared to the nursing students (76.1%). Assessment of the respondents’ dental service utilization revealed that only 40% had ever visited a dentist, more significantly noted by the DST students (64.0%) compared to the nursing students.

Conclusion: There was a good level of knowledge on periodontal-systemic interrelationship among the respondents. Their dental service utilization and oral hygiene practices were found to be fair. There is an inevitable need for interdisciplinary collaboration between nursing and dental professionals for the development of oral health curriculum for nurses to promote oral health and prevent dental diseases in the community.

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Published

2024-06-25

How to Cite

Abe, E., Opeodu, O. I., & Arowojolu, M. O. (2024). Knowledge on Periodontal Diseases and Systemic Health Inter-Relationship among Nursing and Dental Surgery Technician Students in Southwest Nigeria. Nigerian Dental Journal, 32(2). https://doi.org/10.61172/ndj.v32i2.299